SCIENTISTS have begun delving deeper into the science behind black holes in light of new studies.
And after the first-ever detailed photo of the gravity giant was revealed in May 2022, questions have been asked about what lays on the other side.
What is on the other side of a black hole?
In 2021, astronomers detected light behind a black hole in deep space for the first time proving Albert Einstein's theory of relativity.
The study, published by Scientists from Stanford University, analysed how light appears around a supermassive black hole – located some 800 million light-years away.
The scientists used high-powered X-ray telescopes to study the black hole and spotted light being emitted from the other side of it.
The discovery confirmed Albert Einstein's theory on general relativity which was first published in 1915.
Einstein's theory predicted that the gravitational pull from black holes is so large that it warps the fabric of space which in turn bends light.
Therefore, his work predicted that it should be possible to see waves of light from the other side of a black hole because the warped fields would act as a mirror.
Roger Blandford, a co-author of the research, published in Nature, said: "Fifty years ago when astrophysicists starting speculating about how the magnetic field might behave close to a black hole, they had no idea that one day we might have the techniques to observe this directly and see Einstein's general theory of relativity in action."
The gravitational pull from black holes essentially bends light around themselves, giving scientists their first glimpse of what lies behind.
"Any light that goes into that black hole doesn't come out, so we shouldn't be able to see anything that's behind the black hole," said astrophysicist Dan Wilkins.
"The reason we can see that is because that black hole is warping space, bending light and twisting magnetic fields around itself."
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Can you survive a black hole?
Black holes are regions in space where gravity is so strong that nothing can escape.
They are the last remains of dying stars, and their gravitational pull can grow to unthinkable levels.
According to Professor Chris Impey, Roger Penrose's 2020 Nobel Prize winning work showed that black holes are an inescapable consequence of Einstein’s theory of gravity.
“If you fell into a black hole left over when a star died, you would be shredded with no chance of survival,” he said.
“The massive black holes seen at the center of all galaxies have insatiable appetites.
“And black holes are places where the laws of physics are obliterated.”
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